Cognitive Behavioral Therapy meaning

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Cognitive behavioral therapy, also known as CBT, is a kind of psychological treatment that has been shown to be effective for a wide range of problems, including severe mental illness, marital problems, eating disorders, and anxiety disorders, as well as alcohol and drug use problems and problems related to substance abuse. CBT has been the subject of a substantial number of research investigations, all of which point to its ability to significantly enhance both functioning and quality of life. Numerous studies have shown that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is just as successful as, if not more effective than, other types of psychological therapy or psychiatric drugs in treating mental health conditions. It is one of the action therapies when it comes to the typology of psychotherapy.

In point of fact, the phrase “cognitive behavioral therapy” is more of an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of distinct therapies that have certain components in common with one another. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), which was developed by Albert Ellis in the 1950s, and Cognitive Therapy, which was developed by Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s, were two of the earliest versions of Cognitive behavioral Therapy. Both of these therapists were named Albert Ellis.



Goal of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT is predicated on the concept that our thoughts (cognition), feelings (emotion), and behaviours (behavior) are all interconnected and influence one another. To be more specific, our thoughts are the driving force behind both our feelings and our actions. As a result, having ideas that are unpleasant and illogical might make us feel distressed and lead to issues. A person’s manner of perceiving events might become warped when they are experiencing psychological distress, which can have a negative effect on the choices they make and the behaviors they engage in as a result of those choices. The goal of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is to make people aware of the times when they create negative interpretations of events and of the behavioral patterns that promote distorted thinking. CBT therapists place more of an emphasis on what is happening in the person’s life right now as opposed to what may have contributed to the person’s troubles. Although it is necessary to have access to a particular level of knowledge of one’s past, the primary focus is on moving forward in time in order to cultivate more helpful ways of coping with the challenges of life.

It seeks to find strategies to improve a patient’s current state of mind as opposed to concentrating on the causes of discomfort or symptoms that occurred in the patient’s past. People who participate in cognitive therapy are assisted in the development of alternate ways of thinking and behaving, with the ultimate goal of alleviating the emotional suffering that they experience.



What happens in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy?

In CBT, through a series of evaluations, the cognitive therapist guides the client in the process of learning how to recognize faulty thinking patterns. The patients eventually become able to differentiate between their own ideas and the world around them. They are instructed to recognize, observe, and keep tabs on their own thoughts, and they are made aware of the impact that their thoughts have on their moods. The client will be given assignments to complete as part of the behavioral component of the therapy (e.g., keeping a diary of thoughts). The client is provided with activities by the therapist that are intended to assist them in questioning their own erroneous ideas. The goal is for the client to recognize their own harmful views and then demonstrate that such beliefs are incorrect. As a direct consequence of this, they find that their beliefs are shifting. If, for instance, a person suffers from social anxiety, his therapist might assign him the task of conversing with his friend at a restaurant for a set amount of time as part of his homework.

Who are authorized to use Cognitive Behavioral Therapies?

CBT can be provided in one-on-one treatment sessions, small group therapy sessions, or even online by psychologists, social workers in mental health, counsellors, and other mental health professionals. Patients are instructed to examine the information that supports their negative ideas in a logical manner and to alter the way in which they interpret the world around them.


Some basic strategies to alter negative thought patterns

Developing the ability to notice the distorted thought patterns that are causing issues for oneself and others and then learning how to rethink those patterns in light of reality; obtaining a deeper comprehension of the actions and causes that motivate the actions of others; overcoming challenging circumstances through the application of problem-solving skills; understanding how to cultivate a more robust feeling of self-assurance in one’s own capabilities.


Some basic strategies to attain some changes in behavioral patterns

Confronting one’s worries head-on rather than running away from them; participating in simulated social encounters as a means of training for real-life encounters that could be challenging; Learning how to relax one’s body and mind is an important skill.


There are variations of cognitive behavioral therapy, and not all of them apply all of these techniques. Instead, the patient or client and the psychologist work together to understand the problem and come up with a plan for how to treat it.

It helps people to become their own best therapists. Patients and clients are assisted in the development of coping skills through participating in activities during sessions as well as “homework” activities outside of sessions. These activities help patients and clients learn how to adjust their own problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.


Cognitive behavioral therapy is a popular and widely used therapy in the modern era. It is very common as it is quite feasible and can immediately assist you in identifying specific difficulties and coming up with solutions to those challenges. In comparison to other forms of therapy, it typically involves a shorter number of sessions and is carried out in a more regimented fashion.



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Uzma Fatima
Uzma is currently pursuing master's in psychology from Aligarh Muslim University. She is an enthusiastic reader and devoted writer. She has worked as a content writer with several online platforms. She holds a good experience of writing blog articles on various topics and content for social media handles. Her major interest areas include : human psychology, mental health, politics, and social issues. She can be reached at


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