These are considered important determinants of quality of life. Adequate investment in these fields will increase the productivity and efficiency of the labour force. Economists call it “human capital formation.” By human capital, we mean “the body of knowledge attained by the population and the capacity of the population to use the knowledge effectively.”
Among the various components of social infrastructure, education is the most important.Manpower that is well-educated and properly trained can help to accelerate economic development.
Indian education is very old and outdated. It judges students on the basis of marks and grades.
Problems of Education:
Student Thinking: When we talk about India’s education, there are 80% of students studying only to score good marks and degrees; they don’t think about success, and students here only talk about how they can pass exams. So far as India is concerned, education is still at a low level. The teacher instructs you to read this point; it is critical to have an exam that you will pass with high marks.
Expensive higher education: University, professional, and technical education have become costly in India. The fee structure of technical and professional institutes like IIM’s is quite high. IIMs charge Rs. 2 lakh per semester for MBA classes. It is beyond the reach of the common man. Privatization of higher education has led to the growth of profit-hungry entrepreneurs. Higher education is now a much more expensive endeavor.
Neglect of Indian languages: The medium of instruction, particularly in science subjects, is English. So rural students who are not well versed in English cannot study science properly in English. They suffer a lot; Indian languages are still underdeveloped. Standard publications are not available in Indian languages.
Wastage of resources: Our education system is based on general education. The dropout rate is very high at the primary and secondary levels. Most of the students in the 6–14 age groups leave the school before completing their education. It leads to the wastage of financial and human resources.
General education-oriented: Our educational system is general in nature. The development of technical and vocational education is quite unsatisfactory. So, our education is unproductive. As a result, the number of educated unemployed people is growing by the day.This has become a great concern for the government.
Problems of primary education: Our primary education is ridden with too many problems. A large number of primary schools have no buildings, let alone basic facilities like drinking water, urinals, electricity, furniture, study materials, etc. Large numbers of primary schools are single-teacher schools, and many schools are even without teachers. So, the drop rate is very high and a cause for concern. Concluding, we can say that there is quantitative expansion in education, but in qualitative development we are still lagging behind.
ignoring the overall performance of the student. It focuses on academics while sidelining arts and sports.
How can we improve the Indian education system?
As the Indian education system is facing so many problems, we need to come up with effective solutions so it improves and creates a brighter future for students. We can start by focusing on the skill development of the students. The schools and colleges must not only focus on the ranks and grades but also on the analytical and creative skills of the children.
In addition, subjects must not be merely taught theoretically but also practically. This will help in a better understanding of the subject without them having to mug up the whole thing due to a lack of practical knowledge. Also, the syllabus must be updated with the changing times and not follow the old pattern.
Other than that, the government and private colleges must now increase the payroll of teachers. as they clearly deserve more than what they offer. To save money, the schools hire teachers who are not qualified enough. This creates a very bad classroom environment and hinders learning. They must be hired if they are fit for the job and not because they are working at a lower salary.
In conclusion, the Indian education system must change for the better. It must give the students equal opportunities to shine in the future. We need to let go of the old and traditional ways and enhance the teaching standards so our youth can help create a better world.
The colleges and schools must hire well-qualified teachers. They must help students understand the concept instead of merely mugging up the whole subject.